Stories Filed Under “U.S.-DPRK relations”

An Information Based Strategy to Reduce North Korea’s Increasing Threat: Recommendations for ROK & U.S. Policy Makers

Commander Fredrick “Skip” Vincenzo, USN

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

“Deterrence works, until it doesn’t.”—Sir Lawrence Freedman

The United States’ current approach to North Korea does not fundamentally resolve the risks of its belligerent behavior nor halt the development of its nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. As these capabilities are improved, there is greater potential that Kim Jong-un, the leader of North Korea—

confident he can deter a regime-threatening reaction—will attempt a violent provocation to achieve political objectives but in doing so miscalculates and instead sparks a crisis which escalates disastrously. While the United States has contingency plans for a wide range of conflict scenarios, executing them would be extraordinarily costly—the military capabilities Pyongyang has now amassed would inflict catastrophic damage.

James Clapper, the U.S. Director of National Intelligence, has repeatedly warned that Pyongyang is “committed to developing a long-range, nuclear-armed missile that is capable of posing a direct threat to the United States…” and that “North Korea has already taken initial steps toward fielding
this system…”1 With such a capability, Kim is attempting force the international community to accommodate him to avoid conflict. However, he could underestimate U.S. resolve, which in turn would ignite conflict. If the Kim regime falls, a nuclear-armed, fragmented military could strike the
United States.

Click here to download the full report.

Remembering Amb. Stephen Bosworth

Ambassador Stephen Bosworth, 1939-2016. (Photo: Kaveh Sardari/USKI)

Ambassador Stephen Bosworth, 1939-2016. (Photo: Kaveh Sardari/USKI)

Ambassador Stephen Warren Bosworth died of pancreatic cancer in his home in Boston on Monday, January 4, 2016.

Stephen Bosworth was a career American diplomat and was chairman of the U.S.-Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and held an appointment as a Senior Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He was also served as the Payne Lecturer at the Freeman Spogli Institute at Stanford University in 2014.

Ambassador Bosworth served as Dean of The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University from 2001-2013. His administration at Fletcher is credited with increasing the size of the Fletcher faculty and student body while securing the financial soundness of the school during a period of economic uncertainty. He oversaw the creation of new degree programs that have significantly expanded the scope of The Fletcher School’s teaching, research, and global outreach. During his tenure as Dean at the Fletcher School, Ambassador Bosworth also served President Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton as United States Special Representative for North Korea Policy from 2009 to 2011.

“Stephen Bosworth was among the best diplomats of his generation. A consummate professional and a student of history, he managed American foreign policy skillfully at critical junctures and left an indelible imprint on America’s policy toward Asia,” said Vali Nasr, dean of Johns Hopkins SAIS, “He was a transformational dean at the Fletcher School at Tufts University where he oversaw development of new programs. Insightful, kind and considerate, he was a great influence on friends and colleagues and generations of students who studied international affairs.”

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U.S. Policy Toward North Korea

The International Bar Association (North America), Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights, Defense Forum Foundation, North Korea Freedom Coalition, The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea, US-Korea Institute at SAIS, and the Yonsei Center for Human Liberty and Freedom House present a conference to discuss the importance of making human rights a central pillar of U.S. policy toward North Korea.

U.S. Policy Toward North Korea:
The Case for Instituting a More Effective, Human Rights-Centric Approach

Featuring: 
Justice Michael Kirby
Chair of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in North Korea

Tuesday, October 27, 2015
9:30AM-5:30PM
*Reception from 5:30-7:00pm

Kenney Auditorium
Johns Hopkins SAIS
1740 Massachusetts Ave NW
Washington, DC 20036

The conference will bring together decision-makers on Capitol Hill and in the Administration, as well as civil society, to discuss U.S. policy toward North Korea.  A keynote speech will be delivered by Justice Michael Kirby, who was appointed by UN Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon to chair the UN Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in North Korea. (Please click HERE to read the Commission’s landmark report.)

Conference topics will include:
(1) the current human rights situation in North Korea,
(2) existing and proposed sanctions directed at the North Korean regime
(3) accountability measures for past and ongoing human rights violations in North Korea, and
(4) indigenous and cross-border activities aimed at advancing human rights in North Korea.

Please RSVP here: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/3BV73R6

Full agenda can be found HERE.

 

Background:

North Korea is a country of extremes. It is home to the longest running human rights disaster in modern times.  It also is among the world’s worst proliferators of weapons of mass destruction.  Further, it is a profoundly destabilizing force in the increasingly turbulent, but strategically vital East Asia region.  Has the decades long “security first” approach toward North Korea, which de-emphasized human rights concerns in the hopes of advancing security related goals, been successful?  Many have argued that a pivot to a more human rights-centric policy is not only a more principled approach to the North Korean challenge, but is a more effective one as well.  The regime’s extreme reactions to discussions about its human rights record, especially since February 2014 when the United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in North Korea issued its landmark report on human rights, suggests that focusing greater attention on human rights may be an important and under-exploited source of leverage.

Already, there is strong bi-partisan Congressional support to address more forcefully North Korea’s human rights record, as evidenced by proposed sanctions bills currently under consideration in the House and Senate. Given that less problematic countries, including Zimbabwe, Burma and until recently Cuba, are more heavily sanctioned than North Korea, might passage of tougher sanctions bring greater coherence to overall U.S. sanctions policy?

We look forward to seeing you on October 27 and to hearing diverse views on the most effective ways to address one of the most acute and longest running human rights crises of the last half century.

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U.S. Policy Toward North Korea: The Case for Instituting a More Effective, Human Rights-Centric Approach

Tuesday, Oct 27, 2015 – U.S. Policy Toward North Korea: The Case for Instituting a More Effective, Human Rights-Centric Approach

Changing Politics and Economy in North Korea

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Recent developments on the Korean peninsula, including last month’s “25 August Agreement,” provide a new window of opportunity for North-South cooperation. What are the political and economic dynamics in North Korea that made this agreement possible? What policy options exist for the United States in response to these new developments?

Please join the U.S.-Korea Institute at SAIS and the Institute for Peace and Unification Studies at Seoul National University for a discussion on changing politics and economy in North Korea, and a look at the future of the Korean peninsula.

September 25, 2015
1:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Kenney Auditorium
1740 Massachusetts Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20036

Keynote Speakers:

Amb. Joseph DETRANI, President, Intelligence and National Security Alliance
Dr. Young-Kwan YOON, Professor, Seoul National University; Former Foreign Minister, Korea

Session I: Kim Jong Un’s Leadership and North Korea’s External Policy

Moderator:     Dr. Myoung-Kyu PARK, Director, Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University, Korea
Speakers: Dr. Byung-Yeon KIM, Deputy Director, Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University, Korea
Dr. Philo KIM, Professor, Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University, Korea
Discussants: Bradley BABSON, Chairman, DPRK Economic Forum, U.S.-Korea Institute, SAIS
Alexandre MANSOUROV, Adjunct Professor, SAIS

Session II: U.S. Policy Towards the Korean Peninsula

Moderator:   Joel WIT,  Senior Fellow, U.S.-Korea Institute, SAIS
Speakers:   Frank JANNUZI,  President,  Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation
Dan BLUMENTHAL, Director, Asian Studies, American Enterprise Institute
Discussants: Amb. Joseph DETRANI, President, Intelligence and National Security Alliance
Dr. Young-Kwan YOON, Professor, Seoul National University; Former Foreign Minister, Korea


Full agenda here: 9.25 Agenda-Final

Please RSVP here by September 23.  Event will also be webcast HERE

Seeking Program & Research Interns

The US-Korea Institute at SAIS is seeking program and research interns for immediate hire. Multiple positions are open, duties will vary. Current areas of research include: North Korea political, economic, and social development, North Korean WMD issues, US-ROK nuclear cooperation, US-ROK cooperation in Southeast Asia, US-ROK cooperation nuclear security, US foreign policy to both Koreas, energy security cooperation in Northeast Asia, ROK renewable energy policies, and more. Candidates with a background in security and Asia issues preferred for immediate open positions.

Interns generally are asked to work on a variety of tasks including research assistance, event attendance and reporting, logistical support for events and projects, and other things as necessary. They may work with USKI staff and/or Visiting Scholars on various projects.

Successful candidates should have an interest in Korea and/or East Asia policy and be at least a sophomore in college or higher; graduate students and post-grads are encouraged to apply. Foreign language skills are a plus, but not necessary. Strong writing and editing skillls are preferred. Must be able to multitask, prioritize, meet deadlines, and work well both independently and in small groups.

USKI internships are unpaid and interns are expected to work at least 4 days a week.

To apply, please email cover letter, resume and short writing sample to Michelle Kae, Research Assistant at mkae1@jhu.edu. Only those chosen for interview will be contacted. No phone calls please.

Human Rights in North Korea and US Policy

Monday, Dec 8, 2014 – Human Rights in North Korea and US Policy