Chapter 8: North Korean Human Rights and Refugee Resettlement in the United States: A Slow and Quiet Progress, by Jane Kim

Jane examines the slow and quiet progress that was made on North Korean human rights and refugee resettlement in the United States in 2008. Large-scale efforts to increase awareness about the human rights atrocities in North Korea have advanced to a point where governments are both conscious of the issue and have started to include human rights in their dialogue with North Korea. Additionally, the discussion has broadened to include debate and concrete solutions for the safety and security of North Korean refugees. Jane argues that a large portion of today’s debate regarding North Korean refugees, concerns their permanent resettlement. Although South Korea is the country of choice for most defectors, the North Korean Human Rights Act passed into public law by the U.S. Congress in 2004 opened new opportunities for North Korean defectors to resettle in the United States.

Jane’s analysis looks into the North Korean refugee resettlement issue, particularly in the United States. More specifically, it examines the significance and shortcomings of the North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004, as well as events in 2008 that impacted North Korean refugee resettlement.